Get O Dilema Do Porco Espinho PDF For Free
PDF Name: O Dilema Do Porco Espinho PDF
No. of Pages: 197
PDF Size: 1.3 MB
Category: eBooks & Novels
Source: Drive Files
O Dilema Do Porco Espinho Summary
In 1938, when the Nazis conquered Austria, Sigmund Freud and his daughter, Anna, escaped to England. The Sigmund Freud Museum is presently housed at their London home. A little metal porcupine that Freud kept on his desk is one of the museum’s displays. “Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar,” observed Sigmund Freud, “but a porcupine is not simply a porcupine.” It has a deeper significance.
In his book Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego, published in 1921, Sigmund Freud referenced to a story written by Arthur Schopenhauer, a German philosopher. It goes like this: On a chilly winter night, many porcupines were attempting to remain warm. They cuddled close to exchange body heat, but the agony from their quills forced them apart. As a result, they stayed apart until the bitter cold drew them back together. They traveled back and forth, first together, then apart, until they discovered a level of comfort and no discomfort in their closeness.
This is the porcupine’s predicament (also called the hedgehog dilemma). “In the same manner the necessity of society [i.e., love, friendship, companionship] pushes the human porcupines together, only to be mutually repulsed by the numerous thorny and repulsive features of their nature,” Schopenhauer wrote in Parerga and Paralipomena. The shared desire for warmth is only somewhat supplied by this arrangement, yet neither one gets pricked.”
“Their [i.e., human beings’] neighbor is for them not only a potential helper or sexual object, but also someone who tempts them to satisfy their aggressiveness on him, to exploit his capacity for work without compensation, to use him sexually without his consent, to seize his possessions, to humiliate him, to cause him pain, to torture and to kill him,” Freud wrote in Civilization and Its Discontents a few years later.
Freud was writing about the danger of latent aggressiveness as a universal characteristic of human nature in that piece. Aggressiveness is a poisonous result of latent aggression that emerges from the id and, unless stopped by the superego, renders the ego a slave to the iwanton d’s avarice, lusts, covetousness, jealously, and so on. The id has no bounds, and it wants what it wants when it wants it, much like a kid. To impose restrictions for the id, the parent role requires a well-developed superego. Look around and you’ll notice a lot of individuals who are driven by hostility, whose ids are unfettered by a strong superego, enabling their egos to serve their darker impulses slavishly.
With this in mind, it’s maybe not surprise that Sigmund Freud referred to America as “a colossal mistake.” He only came to the United States once, yet he despised America and Americans.
The porcupine conundrum has been made even more complicated by the introduction of Covid-19, which has required us to re-negotiate acceptable personal boundaries via “social distance,” so that each of us is at the lowest risk of infection while still being able to communicate with others. The porcupine conundrum has been forced to the forefront by the politicization of masks, and you now have a name for it.