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Microbiology Textbook Microbiology Books PDF

Get Microbiology Textbook Microbiology Books PDF For Free

PDF Name: Microbiology Textbook Microbiology Books PDF
No. of Pages: 457
PDF Size: 4.5 MB
Language: English
Category: General
Source: Drive Files

Summary of Microbiology Textbook Microbiology Books PDF

Microbiology is the scientific study of unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), and acellular microorganisms (lacking cells). Virology, bacteriology, protistology, mycology, immunology, and parasitology are all sub-disciplines of microbiology.

Fungi and protists are eukaryotic microorganisms that have membrane-bound organelles, while Bacteria and Archaea are prokaryotic microorganisms that do not have membrane-bound organelles. Traditionally, microbiologists depended on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, only around 1% of microbes found in everyday surroundings can be cultivated in isolation using existing methods. Microbiologists often depend on molecular biology methods such as DNA sequence-based identification, such as the 16S rRNA gene sequence, which is used to identify bacteria.

Viruses have been categorised as creatures in a variety of ways, with some considering them to be extremely primitive microbes and others considering them to be highly complicated molecules. Prions, which are not considered germs, have been researched by virologists since the clinical consequences linked to them were initially thought to be the result of persistent viral infections, and virologists went looking for them, finding “infectious proteins.”

Microorganisms were prophesied hundreds of years before they were discovered, for example, by the Jains in India and Marcus Terentius Varro in ancient Rome. The earliest reported microscope observation was of mould fruiting bodies by Robert Hooke in 1666, although the Jesuit priest Athanasius Kircher, who described seeing germs in milk and rotten stuff in 1658, was likely the first to view them. In the 1670s, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, a founder of microbiology, examined and experimented with tiny creatures using primitive microscopes he designed. Louis Pasteur’s work in scientific microbiology and Robert Koch’s work in medical microbiology helped to shape the field in the nineteenth century.

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